With the completion of the human genome project in 2000, the numbers of new experimental techniques, as well as the amount of studies investigating how specific genes influence behavior, have increased dramatically. The desire to eliminate genetic disorders pushes scientists to pinpoint their causes. Read “Behavior Genetics: Meet Molecular Biology” from the APA Monitor on Psychology (Vol. 35, No. 4). Answer the questions below and either e-mail your answers or hand them in to your instructor
1. What is a knockout mouse and why are they useful to scientists studying genetics?
2. Discuss the importance of protein kinase C. Provide evidence of its importance in both the animal and human research.
3. What are some possible drawbacks to the increase in number of experimental techniques for genetics research?
4. Why are scientists unable to pinpoint one specific gene as a cause for a specific behavior?
5. Discuss a drawback of modifying knockout mice. How have researchers attempted to address this concern?