Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
On what basis, do you claim it to be authoritative………..?
Chermol, B. H. (1985). Wounds without scars: Treatment of battle fatigue in theU.S. armed forces in the Second World War. Society of Military History , Vol. 49(1).
The book was chosen because of book content which discusses the psychological disorders that were experienced in the Second World War, and also because of the reputation of the author of the book; Chermol Brian. The author is renowned writer and psychologist who has written many books apart from this one and has been used by many writers as reference. Chermol is a humanistic psychologist specializing in psychiatry and worked in theUSarmy as a chief army psychologist. Chermol has also been involved in humanistic psychology researches especially on human behavior aimed at solving mental health of humans. This made his contributions to the psychological disorder experienced in the army to be more reliable and relevant for this study.
This jouurnal on Wounds without scars has been used widely by many psychologists in understanding behavior and the trauma that is experienced by soldiers after war and other traumatic experiences. It has also been used by writers on psychology work plus historians in explaining the experiences that soldiers go through.
Wounds without scars was used as a reference in this study to clearrly explain the stages of the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder for theUSmilitary during and after the Second World War. This book clearly explains the cases of battle fatique as it was referred to during those days. The book talks about the forms of battle fatique that was experienced during that period. It explains the developments in the psychology department in theUSarmy and the reasons as to why it came into being.
This was necessary for this study since there was the need to link the historical psychological cases in theUSmilitary and the present developments that have taken place in theUSmilitary. It was also important in the study to know the stages in the PTSD during the Second World War. It was also used to explain the reasons for the establishment of psychology department in the army that dealt with the PTSD cases. This was necessary in llinking the PTSD cases that occur today and those that occur in the Second World War.
The book was chosen because of book content which discusses the psychological disorders that were experienced in the Second World War, and also because of the reputation of the author of the book; Chermol Brian. The author is renowned writer and psychologiist who has written many books apart from this one and has been used by many writers as reference. Chermol is a humanistic psychologist who worked in theUSarmy as a chief army psychologist. This made his contributions to the psychological disorder experienced in the army to be more reliable and relevant for this study.
Drummond, K. (2009, August 18). Military’s Plan for PTSD: Early Diagnosis Good, Prevention Better.
This article was chosen to as a reference to get information on the government’s intervention plans and strategies in enabling the returning soldiers recover from the post war traumas. It talks about technological advances which theUSarmy has adapted or is planning to put in place in order to perform early diagnosis on the soldiers during the war or immediately after the war. It discusses the governments concern on the soldiers’ psychological and mental health and what they are doing towards improving it.
This article was necessary in the study to help show the latest developments in treating the mental problems and the diseases of the returning soldiers in theUSmulitary. It gives account of the latest development in theUSmilitary toowards solving the problems of PTSD cases.
The author, Drummond Katie may not be a renowned author, but it was necessary to acquire the latest developments on PTSD in theUSarmy through his work, which had quality content which was very important for the study.
Jelinek, P. (2008, May 27). Wartime PTSD Cases Jumped Roughly 50% in 2007.
This article was written by a renowned newspaper writer, Pauline Jelinek, who works for the Huffington Post. He is an analyst and specializes in covering and writing about war activities and experiences. He has written much about the war inIraqandAfghanistan, piracy and pirates’ activities and many others.
The author of this article describes the increase of PTSD cases among US soldiers inAfghanistanandIraqbetween 2003 and 2007. She describes the rate of increase in PTSD cases among these soldiers that have been reported and at the same time the extent to which these soldiers go to get help. She explains that these soldiers do not just use the resources available within the military bases but even to the civilian therapist and the private care in order to get help. The article contains data on the differentUSmilitary units who have gone for help in PTSD and related diseases.
This article was important to the study as it discusses PTSD in theUSmilitary personnel who are involved in theIraqandAfghanistanwhich are some of the wars thatUSsoldiers have always participated in. It was used to give prove on the data available on the continuing and increasing trend of PTSD cases in the US army and the problems that they have face in acquiring these services. The article was used to show the need to increase the access and availability of these services to the soldiers and their families.
Laufer, R. S.-W. (1984). War Stress and Trauma: The Vietnam War Experience. Journal of Health and Social Behavior , Vol. 25.
Laufer and Frey-Wouters, (1984), is journal that talks about the post war trauma that was experienced by theUSsoldiers after the Vietnam war which again theUSsoldiers were involved in. It is a journal that was written after conducting a research on post war trauma that was experienced by theUSsoldiers after the Vietnam War. The research was used to determine three factors which influence post war trauma on theUSretired veteran soldiers of the Vitnam War.
This book was chosen for use in the study to link the history of major wars that theUSmilitary have been involved in. It was also used to describe the post war traumas that the retiredUSsoldiers experienced and the problems that these returning soldiers had faced during that time. This book was also used to prove the factors that determine the effects of trauma on US soldiers.
The journal again was chosen because of the reputation of its authors. The authors, especially Laufer has written many books besides being involved in psychological reearch work on many issues. This therefore makes the article more credible considering that it was written as a result of research on US soldiers who participated in the Vietnam War. Besides it was very relevant in this study especially in proving the causes of trauma in soldiers after the wars.
Nauert, R. (2008, January 16). PTSD Triples Among Military. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from PsychCentral: http://psychcentral.com/news/2008/01/16/ptsd-triples- among-military/1790.html
Rick Nauert is PhD senior news editor. He has done research on many human psychology topics trying to understand behavior of children, teenagers and adults. His research work has mostly concentrated on the brain and what influences its functioning. He has also written many journals and books on psychological topics especially on behavior.
This articles analyzes the health impacts of deployment of moreUSmilitary inIraqandAfghanistan. His article is based on a research that was carried out by researchers inSan Diegobetween 2004 and 2006. This research was to assess the effects of combat exposure and degree of the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder on theUSsoldiers inAfghanistan andIraq. It also assessed other factors which contribute to PTSD on returning soldiers from wars. According to the research, it was found out that the number of soldiers experiencing research was on the rise and therefore more research and diagnosis need to be done.
Considering that the article was written after a research on war soldiers, it makes it more relevant for this study. This was used in the study to explain the need the reasons for putting in place internention strategies to help deal with PTSD on soldiers and to explain the need for more research aimed at reducing the impacts of PTSD. This article was also used to emphasize on the need for providing more therapists and counsellors to soldiers in a war or after the war. Again it was also used to desribe the rate of increase in PTSD cases in theUSmilitary.
McMichael, W. H. (2009, January 18). VA diagnosing higher rates of PTSD. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from Armytimes.com: http://www.armytimes.com/news/2009/01/military_veterans_carestats_011609w/
McMichael is a staff at the Department of Veteran Affairs in theUSarmy and therefore makes the information that was extracted form this article to be more reliable and relevant for this study. The survey that was carried out by the Department of the Veteran Affairs reflects a more accurate data since it is the department dealing with post war trauma on veteran soldiers. The figures of the data presented by this department tends to be more accurate and reflects true fiigures of those who have been diagonised and treated by the department. This made the choice of using this article more credible given the fact that it is dataUSmilitary website. According to this report, a large number of veteran soldiers are affected by the combat exposure related stress and trauma and the most affected are male soldiers. Again those most affected in theIraqandAfghanistanwars are young male soldiers.
This article was chosen to explain the reason as to why most soldiers would not want to seek treatment on their mental health. It was used to emphasize on the need to overcome fear and seek for treatment to their mental stress and related diseases. It was also chosen for the study since it gives a data based report on the cases that have been reported on PTSD.
Gregory, R. J. (2003). Psychological testing: History principles, and applications
Gregory is a senior appellate attorney in the Office of General Counsel at the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. He has done many research and written many books on Psychological testing and assessment of human behavior. His books have been from several areas including ethics in business, law in business and even theories.
This book has been used by many researchers in psychology researches especially in psychological testing. His books have also been used for references by many writers.
This book was used in this study to illustrate the beginning of psychological testing as well as the reason as to why psychological testing came into existence. It was also used to explain the beginning of innovations that have taken place in solving PTSD cases in soldiers returning from war.
Wolfe, J. S. (1998). Sexual Harassment and Assault as Predictors of PTSD Symptomatology Among US Female Persian Gulf War Military Personnel. Journal of Interpersonal Violence,Vol. 13(1)
Wolfe is a humanistic psychologist and a writer of many psychology books and journals. He undertakes research surveys in psychological topics and was involved in the research that was carried out to determine the possibilities and effects of sexual harassment experienced by the human soldiers during the war. In the subsequent researches that have been done on the same, his work has been used as a reference. A survey research that was carried out on Persian Gulf War military personnel in 1998 on sexual harassment had his journal used for reference. He is determined to come up with underlying factors that cause trauma in women soldiers.
This journal was used in the study due to its wide usage by many writers and researchers who have used it as reference. It was used in the study to illustrate the difference in sexual harassment cases in between women and men and also to show the reasons as to PTSD has more impacts on women than men. Again, this journal was written as a result of research survey that had been on theUSfemale Persian Gulf War military personnel. This therefore means that the data that was extracted from this journal are true facts and figures from survey results.
Tull, M. (2008, October 28). PTSD from the Vietnam War. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from About.com: http://ptsd.about.com/od/ptsdandthemilitary/a/Vietnamlongterm.htm
Dr. Tull obtained his Ph.D. in clinical psychology from theUniversityofMassachusetts,Bostonand has had an extensive clinical and research experience on anxiety disorders including PTSD and substance abuse problems. He has also written many books on these areas. He is also an assistant professor and director of anxiety disorders research in the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at the University of Mississippi Medical Center inJackson. He has also done many studies to determine the influence of emotions on development and maintenance on anxiety disorders.
This journal was published as a result of a research survey and therefore the facts in it are a representation of true figures. It was used in this study to show the extent of PTSD impacts on war soldiers even long after their return from the war. It illustrates its facts quantitatively, which is very important in showing the extent.
Street, A. S. (n.d.). Iraq War clinician guide. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from National Center for PTSD: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/pages/military-sexual- trauma.asp
Street is a psychologist who works in theUSdepartment of veteran affairs and is concerned with the clinical and research on traumatic experiences of veteran soldiers. He participates in the researches on PTSD experiences by soldiers. He has also published books and journals on these and his works are as a result of research surveys. He also did a research on military sexual trauma formed the basis of this journal. His work has been used in clinical treatment of PTSD problems of veteran soldiers from theUSmilitary department.
This book was written as a clinical treatment guide for treating PTSD problems in veteran soldiers and other soldiers involved in the military wars. Thus, the book has facts that are important in analyzing PTSD problems in the military. Again, the fact that the writer is from theUSmilitary department makes the book more credible since it is used in the military in which the study focuses on.
This book was used in the study to confirm that both male and female soldiers suffer from trauma as result of sexual harassment and also to confirm that sexual harassment in the military exist and is a major contributor to PTSD in the military.
CLICK HERE TO ORDER FOR A FULLY RESEARCHED PAPER ON THIS TOPIC AND OTHER RELATED TOPICS FROM A PROFESSIONAL WRITER AT capitalessaywriting.com…………………………….