Consequently, in at least 30 states same-sex couples are denied the many legal and economic benefits that are available to married heterosexual couples. Additionally, in 1996 Congress enacted and President Bill Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) which: Defines marriage, for the purpose of receiving federal legal and economic benefits, as the legal union of one man and one woman; and Permits a state not to recognize a marriage legally entered in another state between persons of the same sex. Analyze both the distributive and commutative justice of this complex situation from each of these different perspectives: A same-sex couple who was legally married in one state but whose private sector jobs require them to live in another state that legally restricts marriage to traditional hetero couples. The highly urbanized and socially liberal community in which that same-sex couple lives, where the city government grants city employees who are registered domestic partners (regardless of sex) the insurance and other fringe-benefits it grants to legally married (heterosexual) couples. The mostly rural state where they live, which some observers characterize as being part of the “Bible-belt”. The nation of the United States of America which is governed by President Barack Obama who has instructed his Department of Justice to not defend DOMA when its constitutionality is challenged in the federal courts (several of which have held parts of the law to be unconstitutional).