Biggest threat to uk security
what is the biggest threat to uk security
The biggest security threat to the UK is terrorism which presents a threat both to the UK and the interests of the UK abroad. Terrorism varies from international terrorism to Nothern- Ireland related terrorism. International terrorism refers t terrorist attacks from groups such as Al Qaida which aim to conduct high impact attacks that result in high casualties amongst civilians.
The UK has experienced a variety of threats from terrorists in the past, Al Qaida and the related terrorist groups have not just attacked Western countries but also the interests of those Western countries and campaigned to overthrow governments in their countries (). These groups are loose-knit groups which maintain connection all over the world but lack a conventional structure. They are bound together by the extremist views that they share. Some of these groups have the central guidance of Al Qaida but there are those that are autonomous and follow the lead of radical propaganda that is shared across various channels and the Internet.
The inspiration of these terrorists groups is the uncompromising message that the West is a threat to Islam, that it is impossible to be loyal to a religion and at the same time have democratic values and that it the only proper response is violence a position that is rejected by mainstream Muslim scholars. Al Qaida is an extremist group whose origins date back to 1979-1989 following the Soviet-Afghan war. Its founder is Usama bin Laden who played a significant part in the movement supporting anti-Soviet guerrillas in Afghanistan.
Following the withdrawal of the Soviets from Afghanistan, many foreign fighters went back to their countries or moved to other places where there was conflict. The effect of this was an increase in the violence in North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia as extremists tried to find ways to overthrow the governments in power. Most of the extremist groups focused on the regional governments, bin Laden concentrated on the West and more specifically the US who he claimed were responsible for the problems that the Islamic World had.
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The Al Qaida leadership in 1992 published a fatwa (religious decree) for a jihad against the presence of the West in the Middle East. The theme was further developed in another decree issued in August 1996. This declaration was followed by other statements which also singled out several countries, the UK being one of them. Following this declaration, Al Qaida carried out several bombings, starting with the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000 and the September 11 2001.
The Taliban allies of the Al Qaida, were overthrown by the military action in Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks. This led to a disruption in the infrastructure of Al Qaida forcing the leadership including Usama bin Laden to flee. There was also a major crackdown on terrorist financing, which led to obstruction of the group’s access to funds leading to decentralization of the group’s activities.
The attacks in the United States however proved beneficial to the US, for instance, the attacks led to raised profile for the group which boosted its appeal to people who could become potential supporters. In addition, the ideology got attention from the entire world which has the potential to create resurgence of activities by terrorists (). This has actually happened and there has been a reported increase in the number of extremist individuals and groups.
The UK is one of the priority areas for Al Qaida as the organization has issued public statements that have explicit threats directed at the UK. There are also several people known to be linked to the organization within the UK. This fact is highlighted by the number of terrorist cases that has been carried out by suspects who have links to Al Qaida. There are individuals who are known to have travelled to Afghanistan from the UK for training or dealings with Al Qaida figures. These individuals include some of those convicted of terrorist plots such as the fertiliser bomber who attacked nightclubs and shopping centers ().
There are also several extremist preachers who have provided a link between the UK and Al Qaida by taking advantage of British mosques for the promotion of Al Qaida’s ideology to incite followers to carry out terrorism acts. The writings of these extremists have been widely distributed on the Internet and on booklets, DVDs and videos contributing to the radicalization phenomenon where individuals who do not have a history of religious extremism get drawn into networks of sympathizers and activists…………………..CLICK HERE TO ORDER FOR A FULLY RESEARCHED PAPER ON THIS TOPIC AND OTHER RELATED TOPICS FROM A PROFESSIONAL WRITER AT capitalessaywriting.com…………………………….